The documented history of the Shroud begins around the mid-14th century when Geoffroy of Charny displayed it at his property in Lirey, 190 km south-east of Paris.
- In 1453 in Geneva, the Holy Sheet became the property of Duke Ludovico I of Savoy who moved it to Chambery and built a special chapel for it in the Savoyard palace.
- In 1506, Pope Julius II approved it as a public cult and gave it liturgical recognition, with the annual feast falling on 4 May.
- In 1532, a fire in the ducal chapel of Chambery seriously damaged the Shroud.
- In 1578 Emanuele Filiberto moved it to Turin to shorten the pilgrimage on foot that the Archbishop of Milan, Carlo Borromeo, had vowed to make in thanks for the end of the plague. For this occasion, the Shroud was housed in the early chapel of today’s Royal Church of San Lorenzo, now the Chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows.
- In 1694 it was finally placed in the Chapel expressly built by the architect Guarino Guarini between the Cathedral and the Royal Palace.
- In 1898 the lawyer Secondo Pia was authorised to photograph the Shroud. Surprisingly, the negative showed the positive and well-defined shape of a body and a face of majestic calm despite the obvious pain.
- In 1983, the will and testament of Umberto II of Savoy donated the Shroud to the Holy See in the person of the Pope.